The Irish writer Oscar Wilde is known today for his plays (most notably The Importance of Being Earnest), his famous novel The Picture of Dorian Gray, and his short stories such as “The Canterville Ghost”. He also wrote a number of children’s stories. One of the best known of these is “The Selfish Giant”. The two main s of the story are greed sharing, and Christian love. However, if you look at the story in terms of the of the songs below (taken from the 1971 Video), you will see that the story carries some other important lessons for people of all religions.
- Original Text with Audio (1654 words)
- Pre-Intermediate English Version
- General Understanding Quiz
- Video Song: Building A Wall
- Video Song: Years Go Over
English Learner Vocabulary Help
General Comments on the Story
We are always happy to receive requests for stories. The Selfish Giant was suggested by a reader from Scotland. She wrote:
“Another story which might be added is ‘The Selfish Giant’ by Oscar Wilde. When I was away at school over 40 years ago our Headmistress would always read us a story with meaning on Sunday evening. One of them was The House with Golden Windows already on your list. A longer tale was that of ‘Greyfriars Bobby”. My friends and I have remembered these tales all our lives – they can still bring a tear to the eye !.”
If you would like us to cover a particular story that you think would be of interest to other learners or is special for you, simply send a request through the “Contact Us” tab above.
The Selfish Giant first appeared in a a book called The Happy Prince and Other Tales, which was published in 1888. According to Wilde, that these stories were designed to be read TO children rather than read BY them. The Happy Prince can be downloaded in various e-book forms from Project Gutenberg here. An audiobook is available from Librivox here.
(n: theme pl themes) In literature, a central idea that is communicated in a story. Note that a theme may be an idea that the writer wishes to convey, or another idea that a reader or group of readers interpret into the story. Most themes are implied through the plot rather than stated directly. (หัวข้อ) 4000
(prep: vs; abbreviation for 'versus') Against; used to indicate the two people, teams, etc., that are fighting or competing against each other or two different things, choices, etc., that are being compared or considered. (ต่อสู้กับ) 3000
(n: lyric pl lyrics) 1. A poem that expresses deep personal feelings in a way that is like a song; a lyric poem. (บทกวีที่บรรยายความรู้สึกของผู้แต่ง) 2. (plural) The words of a song. (เนื้อเพลง) 5000
(n: blossom pl blossoms) A flower, especially of a fruit tree. 6000
(n: branch pl branches) An arm-like part of a tree that grows out from the central part. 2000
(n: breath pl breaths) The air that you take into your lungs and send out from your lungs. His breath smells like garlic. 3000
(idiom: hold your breath) To stop breathing for a short time, such as when you dive into water.
(idiom: take a deep breath) To take a lot of air into your lungs.
(n: chimney pl chimneys) A part of a building through which smoke rises into the outside air. 3000
(v: dare, dares, dared, daring) To not be too afraid or shy to do something. (2000)
I dare you to. Used to ask someone to do something you think they may be afraid to do.
Don't you dare! Used to forcefully tell someone not to do something.
How dare you! Used to show someone that you are angry about what they have done or said.
(n: dust, noncount) A fine powder made up of very small pieces of earth, sand, etc. The furniture was covered in dust.
(adj: dusty; dustier, dustiest) Filled or covered with dust. He cleaned the dusty shelf. 2000
(n: frost pl frosts) A thin layer of ice that forms on the ground, on grass, etc., when the air becomes cold. (น้ำค้างแข็ง) 3000
(n: hail, noncount) Pieces of ice that fall from clouds like rain. (ลูกเห็บ) 5000
(n: joy plural joys) A feeling of great happiness. (ความสุขสบาย ; ความสุขสันต์)
(adj: joyful or joyous) Filled with, showing or causing joy. (ที่เปี่ยมไปด้วยความสุข) 2000
(n: paradise -pl paradises) 1. A place or state of great happiness. (สถานที่หรือสภาวะแห่งความสุข) 2. When used as a proper noun (beginning with a capital letter), another word for Heaven; the place where God or the gods live, and good people go when they die. (สวรรค์) 4000
(v: prosecute, prosecutes, prosecuted, prosecuting) To bring a legal action against someone. (ดำเนินคดี)
(n: prosecutor pl prosecutors) A government lawyer who accuses a person of a crime and who tries to prove in court that the person is guilty. (พนักงานอัยการ) 4000
(n: scene pl scenes) 1. That which is or can be seen when you look at something. (ทัศนียภาพ) 2. A loud or noticeable show of anger, especially in a public place. There was quite an ugly scene at the restaurant. (แสดงความโกรธ) 2000
(adj: selfish) Having or showing concern only for yourself and not for the needs or feelings of other people. (เห็นแก่ตัว) 1000
(v: trespass, trespasses, trespassed, trespassing) To enter someone's land illegally. (การล่วงล้ำ) 7000
(adj: wicked) 1. Morally bad; evil; sinful. A wicked witch. (ชั่วร้าย) 2. (informal) Having or showing slightly bad thoughts in a way that is funny or not serious. She wore a wicked smile after beating me at tennis. 3. (informal) Very bad or unpleasant. She had a wicked case of food poisoning. 4. (informal) Very good. He is a wicked dancer. 3000
(n: wound pl wounds) An injury that is caused when a knife, bullet, etc., cuts or breaks the skin. (บาดแผล) 3000
This sound-track is from a well-known vinyl recording of the story, spoken by Academy Award winning actor Frederick March. To download the mp3, click here.