The Fir Tree

the fir treeThis story by the Danish poet and writer Hans Christian Andersen is about a tree that grows up never being satisfied with what it looks like or what it is doing. There is only one day in the tree’s life (a Christmas ) that it feels truly happy. The tree doesn’t see until too late that there were many other days in its life that it also should have enjoyed. This leads to a sad ending which is enough to make you never want to have a real Christmas tree!

Pre-Intermediate Vocabulary Help / Exercises

The words and expressions in our Simplified English story which are not in our Pre-Intermediate Level 1200 word list are: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and .

General Comments on the Story

fairy tales of hans christian andersenOur source was an book called “Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen”, available from Project Gutenberg here. Some s suggest that The Fir Tree and The Ugly Duckling (one of Andersen’s most famous children’s stories written a year earlier) his thoughts about life at those points of time. It is sad to think that just one year after feeling like the ugly “duck” chick turning into a beautiful , Andersen thought that life was more like the poor fir tree as it was being burnt to heat water.


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(n: Eve pl Eves) The day or evening before a special holiday or festival, such as Christmas Eve, New Year's Eve, etc. 3000

attic(n: attic pl attics) A room at the top of a house under the roof, often used to store things. Also called a garret. 5000

bare(adj: bare, barer, barest) 1. Not having a covering. bare feet; bare floors; bare skin 2. Empty The cupboard was bare. 3. Worn thin. The carpet is a bit bare. 3000

branch(n: branch pl branches) An arm-like part of a tree that grows out from the central part. 2000

candle(n: candle pl candles) Wax that has been formed into a stick or another shape and has a string in the middle that can be burned to give light. 3000

ceiling(n: ceiling pl ceilings) The inside surface at the top of a room. 3000

fasten seat belt(v: fasten, fastens, fastened, fastening) 1. To attach something or join two things or two parts of something. He fastened the boards together with nails. 2. To put something in a position or location in such a way that it will not move. Fasten your seat belt. 5000

fir(n: fir pl firs) A kind of evergreen tree that bears cones [fir-cones]) and is often grown for its wood.

forward(v: forward, forwards, forwarded, forwarding) to send (letters, e-mails etc) on to another address. I have asked the post office to forward my mail. (ส่งต่อไปยังที่อยู่อื่น)
(adj: forward) 1. Moving or directed ahead or toward the front. A sudden forward movement. (โดยไปข้างหน้า) 2. Near or belonging to the front part of something. The forward part of a ship is called the 'bows'. (โดยอยู่ข้างหน้า)
(adv: forward or forwards) Moving towards the front. (ก้าวหน้า) 1000

fresh air(n: fresh air, noncount) Air that is clean and pure, coming from the outdoors. (อากาศใหม่)

glitter(v: glitter, glitters, glittered, glittering) To shine with bright points of light; to sparkle. (ส่องแสงสุกใส) 4000

joy(n: joy plural joys) A feeling of great happiness. (ความสุขสบาย ; ความสุขสันต์)
(adj: joyful or joyous) Filled with, showing or causing joy. (ที่เปี่ยมไปด้วยความสุข) 2000

lonely(adj: lonely, lonelier, loneliest) 1. Sad from being apart from others. He felt lonely without his wife and children. (หงอยเหงา) 2. Not visited by or traveled on by many people. A lonely country road. (ไม่มีคนอยู่)
(n: loneliness, noncount) The quality or state of feeling lonely. (ความเหงา) 3000

mast(n: mast pl masts) A long upright pole that supports or holds something, especially the sails of a ship or an aerial, flag etc. (เสาเรือ) 6000

merry(adj: merry, merrier, merriest) Very happy and cheerful; feeling or showing joy and happiness. (ร่าเริง) 3000

pain(n: pain pl pains) The physical feeling caused by sickness, injury, or mental or emotional hurt. He felt a sharp pain in his back. It caused him pain to talk about his wife's death. (ความเจ็บปวด)
(adj: painful; painless) Causing pain. A painful injury. (ซึ่งก่อให้เกิดความเจ็บปวด) Without pain. Painless childbirth. (ซึ่งไม่เจ็บปวด) 2000

rose(n: rose pl roses) A flower with a sweet smell that is usually white, yellow, red, or pink and grows on a bush which has thorns on the stems. (ดอกกุหลาบ) 3000

shake(v: shake, shakes, shook, shaken, shaking) To move back and forth or up and down with short, quick movements. (สั่น) 2000

sigh(v: sigh, sighs, sighed, sighing) To take in and let out a long, loud breath in a way that shows you are bored, disappointed, unhappy, relieved, etc. (ถอนหายใจ) 4000

(n: trunk pl trunks) 1. The thick main stem of a tree from which the branches grow. (ลำต้น) 2. A large strong box that can be locked and used for holding clothes or other things, especially when traveling. (หีบใส่ของ) 3. The long nose of an elephant. (งวงช้าง) 4000

tree trunk wardrobe trunk elephant trunk

wagon(n: wagon pl wagons; British waggon) A four-wheeled vehicle for carrying heavy loads or passengers, usually pulled by animals. (รถสี่ล้อที่มีเครื่องยนต์หรือลากด้วยม้า) 3000

e-book(n: e-book pl e-books) A book whose contents are in an electronic format so that it can be downloaded and read.

(n: critic pl critics) Someone, usually an expert, whose job it is to give opinions about books, movies, or other forms of art. 2000

reflect(v: reflect, reflects, reflected, reflecting) 1. To show the image of (something) in a mirror or on a shiny surface. (สะท้อนให้เห็น) 2. To show (something); to make (something) known. (ส่อให้เห็น)
(n: reflection pl reflections) 1. An image that is seen in a mirror or on a shiny surface. He saw the reflections of the clouds on the lake. 2. Something that shows the effect, existence, or character of something else. The high crime rate is a reflection of the violence of our society. (การสะท้อนกลับ)2000

swan(n: swan pl swans) A large usually white bird that lives on or near water and that has a very long and graceful neck. (หงส์) 3000

laundry(n: laundry pl laundries) 1. A room or business where clothes, towels, sheets, etc., are washed and dried. He works at a laundry. (ห้องซักผ้า) 2. Clothes, towels, sheets, etc., that need to be washed or that have been washed. (เสื้อผ้าที่กำลังจะซัก) 6000

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