The beginning of this has been likened to that of Shakespeare’s King Lear. A rich man asks his daughters how much they love him. One answers in a way that he doesn’t understand, making him think she doesn’t love him. He throws her out of the house, which leads to some “Cinderella-like” adventures. There is no fairy god-mother in this story, but the girl still manages to turn her bad luck into a “happily ever after” type of ending.
Elementary Vocabulary Help / Exercises
General Comments on the Story
Our source for the story was a children’s book called English Fairy Stories by Australian folktale collector Joseph Jacobs, first published in 1890. The book can be downloaded in various forms from Project Gutenberg here. An is available from Librivox here. Jacobs’ source was a folktale of the same name which appeared in the “Suffolk Notes and Queries” section of the Ipswich Journal in 1877. It was contributed by Victorian poet Anna Walter-Thomas (née Fison), who had heard it from her nurse as a child.
There are many ways of classifying folktales. If we look at Cap O’ Rushes’ main story elements we see a woman who is treated badly by her family; a life of hard, boring work; beautiful dresses; dancing at balls; a handsome prince; and an item she uses to help the prince to find her. These are the elements of what are commonly called “Cinderella Tales”. There are hundreds of stories like this around the world, including two others featured on our website: Tam and Cam and Donkey Skin.
Another folktale class that Cap O’ Rushes falls into is that of “Unnatural Love”. It is generally accepted that the father’s demand to hear how much his daughters love him is an indication of incestuous thoughts. Jacobs’ story is almost identical to the one which first appeared in the Ipswich Journal. The fact that the aspect of incest was not spelt out more clearly probably has to do with the fact that the person who contributed the story (Mrs Walter-Thomas) had led a sheltered life and was married to a church minister. The story Donkey Skin referred to above is also included in this category of folktales.
(n: folktale pl folktales) A story that is part of the traditions of a group of people and was handed down in spoken form before books and printing. (นิทานชาวบ้าน) 9000
(adj: folk) Of or relating to the traditions of the common people of a country or region. (เกี่ยวกับขนบประเพณีของชาวบ้าน) 2000
(n: tale pl tales) A story about real or imaginary events; an exciting or dramatic story that may not be completely true. (นิทาน) 3000
(n: cape pl capes) 1. A piece of clothing that does not have sleeves and that fits closely at the neck and hangs over the shoulders, arms, and back. Superman has a red cape. (เสื้อคลุมไม่มีแขน) 2. A large area of land that sticks out into a sea, bay, etc; a large headland. The ship rounded the Cape of Good Hope. (ส่วนของผืนดินที่ยื่นเข้าไปในน้ำ) 6000
(adj: dead) No longer alive or living; no longer having life. Her husband is dead. He died last year. (ตาย)
(adj: deadly, deadlier, deadliest) 1. Causing or able to cause death. Deadly weapons. A deadly poison. (เป็นอันตรายถึงตายได้) 2. Very great or effective. He was deadly serious. She shoots with deadly accuracy. (สุดขีด) 1000
(adv, adj: else) Besides; other than that already mentioned; used to refer to a different or additional person or thing. What else can I do? He took someone else's pencil. (นอกจากนี้) 1000
(adv: elsewhere) In, or to, another place; somewhere or anywhere else. You must look elsewhere if you want a better job. (ที่อื่นๆ)
(adv: or else) Otherwise; used to say what will happen if something is not done or to express another possibility. You must pay that bill today or else your phone will be cut off. He must have missed the train – or else he's ill. (มิฉะนั้น)
(n: master pl masters) 1. A person who has become very skilled at doing something. (คนมีฝีมือ) 2. Someone who has control or power over others. (ผู้ควบคุม) 3. A polite title for a boy. (คำนำหน้าชื่อเด็กผู้ชาย) 2000
(n: pan pl pans) A shallow container that has a long handle and is used for cooking or baking. He broke the eggs into the frying pan. (กระทะ) 3000
(n: porridge, noncount) A soft food made by boiling rolled oats in water or milk. (อาหารเช้าที่ทำจากข้าวโอ๊ตใส่น้ำหรือนม) 6000
(v: pretend, pretends, pretended, pretending) 1. To imagine and act out a particular role, situation, etc.. The children were pretending to be lions. เสแสร้ง 2. To try to make it look like something is true, in order to trick or deceive. He pretended that he had a headache. (แสร้งทำ) 2000
(n: rush pl rushes) A tall plant similar to grass that grows in wet areas and is used to make baskets and other things when dried. (พืชจำพวกกกชนิดหนึ่ง) 2000
(n: salt, noncount) A natural white substance that is commonly used to flavor or preserve food; sodium chloride. The soup needs more salt. (เกลือ)
(adj: salty, saltier, saltiest) Containing salt or having too much salt. A salty lake; salty food. (เค็ม) 2000
(n: servant pl servants) Someone who is hired to do household or personal duties [such as cleaning and cooking]. (คนรับใช้) 1000
(adj: sweet, sweeter, sweetest) 1. Containing a lot of sugar; not sour, salty or bitter. Children eat too many sweet foods. (มีรสหวาน) 2. Having a very pleasant smell (ที่หอม), sound (ที่ไพเราะ), or appearance (น่าดึงดูดใจ; ที่มีเสน่ห์). 3. Very gentle, kind, or friendly. She's a sweet girl. The child has a sweet nature. (ใจดี) 2000
(n: trouble pl troubles) A situation that is difficult or has a lot of problems; [something which causes] worry, difficulty, extra effort or work, etc. When the new CEO arrived, the company was in big trouble. (ปัญหา)
(v: trouble, troubles, troubled, troubling) 1. To make (someone) feel worried or upset; to disturb or bother (someone). She was troubled by the news of her sister's illness. (ทำให้ไม่สบายใจ) 2. To make an effort to do something. He didn't even trouble to call. (พยายาม) 1000
(n: wedding pl weddings) The act of getting married; marrying. (การแต่งงาน) 2000
(n: e-book pl e-books) A book whose contents are in an electronic format so that it can be downloaded and read.
(n: audiobook pl audiobooks) A book that is read out loud and recorded on a CD or as a computer file so that it can be listened to. (หนังสือเสียง)