Diamond Cuts Diamond (Indian Folktale)

diamond cuts diamondIn this Indian a man travels to a far off land to his fortune. He is successful and decides to return home. As he nears home, a ‘friendly’ merchant tells him that there are many thieves on the road ahead. He leaves his riches in the care of the merchant, and travels on to bring back help. When he returns, the merchant tries to cheat him. To get his riches back, he needs the help of someone who is an even bigger cheat.

Elementary Vocabulary Help

The words and expressions in our Elementary level Simplified English story which are not in our 800 word list are: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and .

Pre-Intermediate Vocabulary Help

The words and expressions in our Pre-Intermediate level Simplified English story which are not in our 1200 word list are: adventure, , bowing, , cheat, , , , goods, honor, jewel, , , merchant, , of course, pain, palanquin, servant, , signal, thief, , and trust.

There is also a common English in the story. We are told that when Beeka Mull first looked into what he thought was the rich lady’s jewel box, his mouth watered. Although normally used to talk about food, in this case to means to feel pleasure when you think of or see something very beautiful or expensive and wish that you could have or enjoy it.

General Comments on the Story

This is one of two folktales we have published with the title Diamond Cuts Diamond. The stories come from different countries and have very different s, which have nothing to do with s. However, , which is an English , is an appropriate title in both cases. The first written record of the proverb was in the 1604 John Marston play The Malcontent:

Take Maquerelle with ; for ’tis found none cuts a diamond but a diamond.

In 1693 it also appeared in the William Congreve play The Double Dealer:

And must be ed by wit; cut a diamond with a diamond.

In this story, the merchant is cheated out of his box of jewels by Beeka Mull. When Kooshy Ram hears this, he laughs and cries: Why, he is the greatest cheat in the city. Unless of course you believe what some of them say about me!. At the end of the story, Kooshy Ram proves to be a match for Beeka Mull and tricks him into returning the merchant’s jewels.

To read our other story with this title (from Thailand), click here.

olive fairy bookOur source for Diamond Cuts Diamond was The Olive Fairy Book, one of a series of twelve collections of folk and fairy tales for children edited by Andrew Lang. This is the eleventh book in the series, and was first published in 1907. It can be downloaded as an from Project Gutenberg here. An is available from Librivox here. Lang wrote that this is a Punjabi story from a of Ferozepur in India. Although we have classified it as Indian, it may well be Pakistani in origin as the original Punjab region covered parts of both countries.

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folktale(n: folktale pl folktales) A story that is part of the traditions of a group of people and was handed down in spoken form before books and printing. 9000

seek(v: seek, seeks, sought, seeking) 1. To try to find (someone or something) or get (something). The prince is seeking a wife. She sought help form a neighbor. (ค้นห) 2. To make an attempt to do something; to try. The builders sought to make the bridge stronger. (พยายาม) 2000

adventure(n: adventure pl adventures) 1. An exciting and sometimes dangerous experience. He wrote a book about his adventures during the war. 2. [uncountable] Excitement or danger. I set out across the country looking for adventure. 3000

bowing(v: bow, bows, bowed, bowing) To bend the upper part of the body forwards in greeting someone or showing respect etc. 3000

cheat(v: cheat, cheats, cheated, cheating) 1. To break a rule or law, usually to gain an advantage at something. She was caught cheating in a test. 2. To take something from someone by lying or breaking a rule. He cheated his brother out of his share of their parents money. 3000

curtain(n: curtain pl curtains) A piece of cloth or other material that is hung down to cover a window or protect or hide something. 2000

fool(n: fool pl fools) A person who does not have a good sense or judgment; a stupid or silly person.
(v: fool, fools, fooled, fooling) 1. To speak or act in a playful way. Stop fooling about! 2. To trick or deceive. She fooled me with her story. 2000

goods(n: goods, plural) Products that are made or grown in order to be sold; things for sale. (สินค้า) 2000

guard(n: guard pl guards) 1. A person whose job or duty is to watch and protect someone or something. (คนป้องกันหรืออุปกรณ์ป้องกัน) 2. Someone whose job is to prevent (someone) escaping. (ผู้คุม)
(v: guard, guards, guarded, guarding) 1. To protect (someone or something) from danger or attack. (คุ้มกัน) 2. To watch (someone) in order to prevent escape. (ป้องกัน) 2000

honest(adj: honest) Good and truthful; not lying, stealing, or cheating. (ซื่อตรง)
(adv: honestly) In an honest way. He gained his wealth honestly. (อย่างจริงใจ)
(n: honesty, uncountable) The quality of being honest. She is admired for her honesty. 1000

honor(n: honor pl honors; British honour) 1. Respect that is given to someone or something that is admired. We must fight for the honor of our country. 2. Something (such as a title or medal) that is given to a person as a sign of respect and admiration. He has received many honors for his research into cancer. 3. Something that shows that other people have respect for you. It is a great honor to be asked to address this meeting. 4. The quality of being honest. He is a man of honor. (ศีลธรรม) 2000

jewel(n: jewel pl jewels) A precious stone (such as a diamond, ruby, emerald, sapphire) that has been cut and polished. (อัญมณี)
(n: jewels, plural) An ornament or pieces of jewelry containing a precious stone or stones. She loved dressing up in her jewels.
(adj: jeweled or jewelled) Covered in jewels. (ที่ประดับด้วยเพชรพลอย) 3000

lock(n: lock pl locks) 1. A device that keeps something (such as a door, window, or box) from being opened and that is usually opened by using a key. (กุญแจ) 2. A length or curl of hair; a tress. She cut off a lock of his hair. (ปอยผม)
(v: lock, locks, locked, locking) To fasten (something) with a lock or in some other way so that it cannot be opened. She locked the drawer. (ใส่กุญแจ) 1000

luck(n: luck, uncountable) The things that happen when they are not planned or controlled by people; the state of happening by chance. (โชค)
(adj: lucky, luckier, luckiest) 1. Used to describe someone who has good luck. (โชคดี) 2. Used to describe someone or something that brings or causes good luck (นำโชค). 1000

merchant(n: merchant pl merchants) A trader, especially one who buys goods from producers in large amounts and sells them to other sellers in smaller amounts. (พ่อค้า) 3000

of course(adv: of course) 1. Used to say yes to a question or that something is true in a way that shows you are very certain about it. "May I borrow this book?" "Of course!" 2. Used to show that what is being said is very obvious or already generally known. She was late and rude, so of course she didn't get the job. (อย่างเห็นชัด)

pain(n: pain pl pains) The physical feeling caused by sickness, injury, or mental or emotional hurt. He felt a sharp pain in his back. It caused him pain to talk about his wife's death. (ความเจ็บปวด)
(adj: painful; painless) Causing pain. A painful injury. (ซึ่งก่อให้เกิดความเจ็บปวด) Without pain. Painless childbirth. (ซึ่งไม่เจ็บปวด) 2000

palanquin(n: palanquin pl palanquins) [in India and the East] A means of transport for one person, consisting of a large box with a bed or chair inside, carried on two horizontal poles by four or six men. (คานหาม)

servant(n: servant pl servants) Someone who is hired to do household or personal duties [such as cleaning and cooking]. (คนรับใช้) 1000

signal(n: signal pl signals) 1. Something (such as a sound, a movement of part of the body, or an object) that gives information about something or that tells someone to do something. They communicated with each other by using hand signals. (สัญญาณ) 2. A message, sound, or image that is carried by waves of light or sound. The phone signal is not very strong here. (ส่งสัญญาณ) 2000

thief(n: thief pl thieves) Someone who takes (something) from the owner in a way that is wrong or against the law; a robber. The thief got away with all my money. (ขโมย) 3000

trick(n: trick pl tricks) 1. A clever or skillful action to entertain or amuse people. (มายากล) 2. Something which is done, said etc in order to cheat or deceive someone. (เล่ห์เหลี่ยม) 2000

trust(v: trust, trusts, trusted, trusting) To believe that someone or something is reliable, good, honest, effective, etc; to have confidence or faith in (someone or something). (วางใจได้)
(n: trust, uncountable) Belief that someone or something is reliable, good, honest, effective, etc. (ความเชื่อใจ) 1000

worry(v: worry, worries, worried, worrying) To think about problems or fears; to feel or show fear and concern because you think that something bad has happened or could happen. If am not home on time, my parents start to worry. His poor health worries me. (วิตกกังวล) 1000

arrive(v: arrive, arrives, arrived, arriving) To come to or reach a place after traveling, being sent, etc. 2000

bruise(n: bruise pl bruises) 1. A dark and painful area on your skin that is caused by an injury. He had a bad bruise on his leg after he fell. 2. A dark area on a plant or piece of fruit that has been damaged. A bruise on an apple. 4000

cure(v: cure, cures, cured, curing) 1. To stop a disease and make someone healthy again. The infection was cured with antibiotics. 2. To make better or solve a problem. That medicine cured me. His wife cured him of his bad habits.
(n: cure pl cures) Something that cures a disease. They're trying to find a cure for cancer. 3000

delight(v: delight, delights, delighted, delighting) 1. To please greatly. I was delighted by the good news. 2. To have or take great pleasure from something. He delights in beating me at chess.
(n: delight pl delights) A strong feeling of happiness.
(adj: delightful) Causing delight. 2000

gentle(adj: gentle) 1. [of people] Behaving, talking etc in a soft, kind, pleasant way. The doctor was very gentle. (อ่อนโยน) 2. Not strong or rough. A gentle wind. (ค่อย ๆ; นุ่มนวล) 3. [of hills] Rising gradually. A gentle slope (ค่อย ๆ)
(adv: gently) In a gentle way. (อย่างสุภาพ) 3000

join(v: join, joins, joined, joining) 1. To put or bring (two or more things) together; to connect. She joined the pieces of wood (together) with glue. (เชื่อม; ติด; ต่อ) 2. To go somewhere in order to be with (a person or group). He asked that I join them for lunch. 3. To become a member of (a group or organization). Join the navy and see the world. (เข้าร่วมเป็นสมาชิก) 1000

magnificent(adj: magnificent) Very beautiful or impressive; splendid. The Taj Mahal is a magnificent building. She looked magnificent in her wedding dress. You've all done a magnificent job. (งดงาม) 4000

nervous(adj: nervous) Having or showing feelings of being worried and afraid about what might happen. (กระวนกระวาย; เครียด)
(adv: nervously) In a nervous way. (อย่าง ประหม่า) 3000

shake(v: shake, shakes, shook, shaken, shaking) To move back and forth or up and down with short, quick movements. (สั่น) 2000

tremble(v: tremble, trembles, trembled, trembling) To shake slightly [move back and forth with short, quick movements] because you are afraid, nervous, excited, etc. (สั่น) 7000

(n: idiom pl idioms) An expression that cannot be understood from the meanings of its separate words but has a meaning of its own which is generally understood by the native speakers of a language. It's a piece of cake. [= It's very easy.] It costs an arm and a leg. [= It's very expensive.] He has kicked the bucket. [= He is dead.] (สำนวน) 8000

mouth watering(v: make your mouth water) [idiom] 1. To fell hungry or want to eat something when you think about it or see it, or because it has a very delicious smell. The smell of fish and chips made my mouth water. 2. To feel pleasure when you think of or see something very beautiful or expensive and wish that you could have or enjoy it. Such beauty is enough to make anyone's mouth water.

(n: plot pl plots) The series of events that form the story in a movie, novel, play, etc. (โครงเรื่อง) 3000

diamond(n: diamond pl diamonds) A very hard, usually colorless, precious stone; used especially in expensive jewelry. 4000

(proverb: Diamond cuts Diamond) Diamond is the hardest substance known, and can only be cut by another diamond. The phrase is used to describe a situation where two opponents who are an equal match in wit, cunning, or strong-mindedness meet. It has been used several times in literature to suggest that, in the same way that a diamond can only be cut by another diamond, the only match for a clever or cunning person is someone who is equally clever or cunning.

(n: proverb pl proverbs) An old but well-known saying that either gives advice about how people should live, or expresses an idea that is generally thought to be true. An apple a day keeps the doctor away. A rolling stone gathers no moss. (สุภาษิต) 6000

(pronoun: thee) An old word for 'you', used only when addressing one person as the object of a verb or preposition. I wed thee with this ring. Take some money with thee. (คุณ, เธอ [คำโบราณ])

witty(n: wits pl wits) 1. The ability to think or reason and make good decisions. (ความมีไหวพริบ) 2. The ability to say or write things that are clever and usually funny (แสดงความตลกขบขัน) or a person who is known for doing this. He's a great wit. (ผู้มีเชาว์ปัญญา)
(adj: witty, wittier, wittiest) Clever and amusing. (ซึ่งใช้คำพูดอย่างมีไหวพริบ) 4000

foil(n: foil, noncount) A very thin, light sheet of metal. She covered the dish with aluminum foil.
(v: foil, foils, foiled, foiling) To prevent someone from doing or achieving something. Police foiled the bank robbery. 7000

e-book(n: e-book pl e-books) A book whose contents are in an electronic format so that it can be downloaded and read.

audiobook(n: audiobook pl audiobooks) A book that is read out loud and recorded on a CD or as a computer file so that it can be listened to.

To my surprise, I was unable to find any background information on this "Major Campbell" on the Internet. The best I could do was learn that there were at least two Majors with the surname Campbell serving in the Punjab during Lang's lifetime: a Major R. B. Campbell (in the late 1870s), and a Major Fred Campbell (in the late 1890s). Whoever it was, the source was obviously deeply interested in the culture of the region, and fluent enough in Pashto to have translated several stories from that language for Lang. If any reader can contribute more information on this person, it would be greatly appreciated.

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