In this Tagalog from the Philippines a poor man named Suan asks a rich friend if he has a pole so that he can build himself a house. Some adventures begin when Suan’s house turns out to be bigger than that of his friend. In the end, the roles are d and Suan becomes the richest man in town.
Elementary Vocabulary Help / Exercises
General Comments on the Story
Our source for the story was a book called “Filipino Popular s” by Dean S. Fansler, first published in 1921. It can be downloaded as an from Project Gutenberg here. In a note about this story, Fansler claims that its is almost certainly Indian. He points to the story’s similarities to two Eastern folktales, and suggests that all three may have come from the story of Gamani-canda (No. 257 of the ). Many of the names in the folktales recorded in Fansler’s book are of Spanish origin. This is because the Philippines was a of Spain for over 300 years. However, it likely that almost all of these stories come from a time well before Spanish rule.
(n: folktale pl folktales) A story that is part of the traditions of a group of people and was handed down in spoken form before books and printing. (นิทานชาวบ้าน) 9000
(adj: folk) Of or relating to the traditions of the common people of a country or region. (เกี่ยวกับขนบประเพณีของชาวบ้าน) 2000
(n: tale pl tales) A story about real or imaginary events; an exciting or dramatic story that may not be completely true. (นิทาน) 3000
(adj: spare, sparer, sparest) 1. Not needed by you and available to be shared or given to someone else. Do have any spare cash/change? (ว่าง) 2. [of time etc] Available to be used in whatever way you want. He likes to read in his spare time. (ยามว่าง) 2000
(v: reverse, reverses, reversed, reversing) 1. To move backwards or in the opposite direction to normal. He reversed (the car) into the garage. (ถอยกลับ) 2. To put into the opposite position, state, order etc. My mother and I reversed our roles. Now I'm taking care of her. (กลับกัน) 3. To change (a decision, rule etc) to the exact opposite. He was originally found guilty, but the High Court reversed the decision. (กลับคำพิพากษา) 2000
(n: buffalo pl buffaloes) A large wild animal like a cow with long horns that point to the back. (กระบือ) Examples include the Asian and African water buffalo (ควาย) and the North American bison (กระทิง). 7000
(v: drown, drowns, drowned, drowning) To die by being underwater too long and unable to breathe. Four people drowned in the flood. She fell in the river and drowned. 3000
(adj: jealous) 1. Feeling or showing that you want to be like another person or have something that another person has; envy. (อิจฉา) 2. Feeling or showing unhappiness or anger because you think that someone you love (such as your spouse, boyfriend, girlfriend, etc.) likes or is liked by someone else. (ขี้หึง) 4000
(v: join, joins, joined, joining) 1. To put or bring (two or more things) together; to connect. She joined the pieces of wood (together) with glue. (เชื่อม; ติด; ต่อ) 2. To go somewhere in order to be with (a person or group). He asked that I join them for lunch. 3. To become a member of (a group or organization). Join the navy and see the world. (เข้าร่วมเป็นสมาชิก) 1000
(n: mud, noncount) Soft, wet dirt. His shoes were covered with mud. (โคลน) 3000
(n: palace pl palaces) A very large and beautiful house, especially one lived in by a member of a royal family such as a king, queen, sultan, etc. (พระราชวัง) 4000
The picture on the left shows Buckingham Palace in London where the Queen of England lives.
(n: peso pl pesos) The standard unit of currency in many South and Central American countries and in the Philippines. (หน่วยเงินของประเทศในอเมริกาใต้ อเมริกากลาง และฟิลิปปินส์) 14000
(v: punish, punishes, punished, punishing) To make (someone) suffer for a crime or for something done that is wrong. (ลงอาญา)
(n: punishment pl punishments) The act or way of making (someone) suffer for a crime or for something done that is wrong. (การลงโทษ) 3000
(adj: sharp, sharper, sharpest) 1. Having a thin edge that is able to cut things or a fine point that is able to make a hole in things. (แหลมคม) 2. [of changes in direction] Sudden and quick. A sharp turn. (ทันทีทันใด) 3. [of speaking] In an angry or unpleasant way. A sharp voice. (รุนแรง) 4. [of a sound] Loud, short, and sudden. (เสียดแทง) 2000
(v: worry, worries, worried, worrying) To think about problems or fears; to feel or show fear and concern because you think that something bad has happened or could happen. If am not home on time, my parents start to worry. His poor health worries me. (วิตกกังวล) 1000
(n: tale pl tales) 1. A story about real or imaginary events; an exciting or dramatic story that may not be completely true. (นิทาน) 2. An untrue story that is told to deceive someone; a lie. He told me he had a lot of money, but that was just a tale. (เรื่องโกหก) 3000
(n: e-book pl e-books) A book whose contents are in an electronic format so that it can be downloaded and read.
(n: origin pl origins) 1. The point or place where something begins or is created; the source or cause of something. (ที่มา) 2. A person's place of birth, family background etc. (จุดกำเนิด) 3000
The Jataka Tales form an important part of Buddhist Literature. Believed to be written between 300 BC and 400 AD, they are made up of around 550 stories and fables about the earlier lives of the being who would become Gautama Buddha. The future Buddha appears in many forms (god, human and animal), and in each exhibits some good quality that the tale seeks to teach. Versions of many of the stories can be found in other literature, including Aesop's Fables.
(n: colony pl colonies) 1. An area that is controlled by or belongs to a country and is usually far away from it. 2. A group of people sent by a country to live in such an area. (ประชาชนในอาณานิคม)
(adj: colonial) Of or relating to a colony. (เกี่ยวกับอาณานิคม) 4000