The Legend of Nai Raeng

Hua Nai RaengThis from Southern Thailand is about a man who was so big when he was born that his parents named him Nai Raeng (in Thai “raeng” means strength, energy or power). The first part of the story is quite as the boy eats so much that his poor parents cannot feed him, but not so the end where Nai Raeng orders that his own head be cut off and placed above a buried .

Elementary Vocabulary Help / Exercises

The words and expressions in our Elementary level Simplified English version of the story which are not in our 800 word list are: , , , , , , , , , and .

Pre-Intermediate Vocabulary Help / Exercises

The words and expressions in our Pre-Intermediate level Simplified English version of the story which are not in our 1200 word list are: , bury, captain, , , festival, honor, , , and wise.

There is also a word that is in our Pre-Intermediate word list but has a meaning in the story which is different to the one most commonly used. We are told that Nai Raeng must travel to Nakhorn Sri Thammarat to honour some remains of the Lord Buddha. Here the word means body parts (in this case bones).

General Comments on the Story

There is, indeed, an ancient temple in the city of Nakhorn Sri Thammarat that is said to house remains of the Lord Buddha. This temple (Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan) is one of the most important in Thailand. Its main chedi (the Thai term for ) was reportedly built in the early 13th century to house Buddha relics brought from Sri Lanka two thousand years ago. There are several stupas in Thailand that are said to house Buddha relics, but this is the oldest.

There are many different kinds of folktales but to me they can all be grouped under three headings: those that are just plain fun; those that carry a message about life; and those that explain things. As well as carrying a message about duty and honor, this story is used to explain the names of two places.

The story is set in the of Songkhla in the far south of Thailand. Nai Raeng’s treasure was 900,000 baht in gold. On the southern end of Samila Beach in Songkhla there is a small fishing village called Khao Seng. has it that the original name for the village was “Gao Saen”, which sounds very similar to the number 900,000 in Thai. Near the village there is a large on an area of rocky land near the sea shore. This is called Hua Nai Raeng (Nai Raeng’s head). It is said that Nai Raeng’s spirit still guards his gold, and that before he died he made a wish that if anyone who was good could move his head from the place, he or she could take the treasure. So far, nobody has been able to do it.

And the treasure would certainly be worth having. Many people know the word “baht” in terms of it being the main unit of Thai money. 900,000 baht in money is around $30,000. However “baht” also has other meanings and one of these – a unit of weight used to calculate the value of gold – is likely to be the one meant in the story. At today’s prices, 900,000 baht weight of gold would be worth over $700 million!


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(n: folktale pl folktales) A story that is part of the traditions of a group of people and was handed down in spoken form before books and printing. (นิทานชาวบ้าน) 9000
(adj: folk) Of or relating to the traditions of the common people of a country or region. (เกี่ยวกับขนบประเพณีของชาวบ้าน) 2000
(n: tale pl tales) A story about real or imaginary events; an exciting or dramatic story that may not be completely true. (นิทาน) 3000

amusing(adj: amusing) Funny; providing enjoyment; pleasantly entertaining. An amusing story. (ม่วน) 3000

treasure(n: treasure pl treasures) 1. Something valuable (such as money, jewels, gold, or silver) that is hidden or kept in a safe place. (ขุมทรัพย์) 2. Something very special, important, or valuable. (ของมีค่า) 2000

bone(n: bone pl bones) The hard substance forming the skeleton of man, animals etc. (กระดูก) 2000

bury(v: bury, buries, buried, burying) To place in the earth and cover with soil. (ฝัง) 3000

captain(n: captain pl captains) 1. A person who is in charge of a ship, an aircraft, or a group of soldiers. (หัวหน้าผู้ควบคุมเรือ เครื่องบิน หรือกองทหาร) 2. The leader of a team or club. (หัวหน้าทีม) 3000

fail(v: fail, fails, failed, failing) To not succeed; to not manage to do something. They failed in their attempt.I failed my exam. I failed to post the letter. (ล้มเหลว) 2000

festival(n: festival pl festivals) A special time or event when people gather to celebrate something. (เทศกาล) 4000

healthy(adj: healthy, healthier, healthiest) Well; not sick or injured; having good health. (กระปรี้กระเปร่า) 1000

honor(n: honor pl honors; British honour) 1. Respect that is given to someone or something that is admired. We must fight for the honor of our country. 2. Something (such as a title or medal) that is given to a person as a sign of respect and admiration. He has received many honors for his research into cancer. 3. Something that shows that other people have respect for you. It is a great honor to be asked to address this meeting. 4. The quality of being honest. He is a man of honor. (ศีลธรรม) 2000

luck(n: luck, uncountable) The things that happen when they are not planned or controlled by people; the state of happening by chance. (โชค)
(adj: lucky, luckier, luckiest) 1. Used to describe someone who has good luck. (โชคดี) 2. Used to describe someone or something that brings or causes good luck (นำโชค). 1000

storm(n: storm pl storms) An occurrence of bad weather in which there is a lot of rain, snow, etc., and often strong winds. The sky got dark and it looked like a storm was coming. The roof was damaged by the storm. (พายุ) 3000

temple(n: temple pl temples) A building in which people worship, usually as part of a non-Christian religion. (วัด) 4000

wise(adj: wise, wiser, wisest) Having gained a lot of knowledge from books or experience or both and able to use it well. (ฉลาด)
(n: wisdom; noncount) 1. The knowledge gained from books or experience. 2. The quality or state of being wise. (ปัญญา; สติปัญญา) 2000

ancient(adj: ancient) 1. Of great age; very old. (เก่า) 2. Of, coming from, or belonging to a time that was long ago in the past. (โบราณ) 3000

dolphin(n: dolphin pl dolphins) A small usually gray sea animal of the whale family with a pointed nose. (ปลาโลมา) 6000

(n: event pl events) Something that happens or takes place, especially something important or notable. (เหตุการณ์) 2000

(n: pleasure pl pleasures) Something that gives one enjoyment; happiness. (ความสุข) 2000

pray(v: pray, prays, prayed, praying) 1. To speak to God or someone or something that has special powers in order to express thanks or ask for something. 2. To hope or wish very much for something to happen. (สวดมนต์) 2000
(n: prayer; pl prayers) The words spoken to God when you give thanks or ask for something. (การสวดมนต์; การภาวนา) 2000

(n: remains, plural) 1. The parts of something that are left when the other parts are gone or used. These photos show the remains of a star that exploded thousands of years ago. 2. The dead body of a person or animal. Her remains will be returned to her family for burial. (สิ่งที่เหลืออยู่) 2000

stupa(n: stupa pl stupas) A ​building with a rounded ​roof containing relics (usually the remains of important Buddhist monks or nuns) that is a ​holy ​place for Buddhists. (เจดีย์)

(n: province pl provinces) Any one of the large parts that some countries are divided into. (จังหวัด) 4000

legend(n: legend pl legends) A story from the past that is believed by many people but cannot be proved to be true. (ตำนาน)
(adj: legendary) 1. Mentioned etc in legend. King Arthur is a legendary hero. (ในตำนาน) 2. Very famous because of being very great, good etc. He was a legendary football player. (เป็นตำนาน) 6000

boulder(n: boulder pl boulders) A very large stone or rounded piece of rock. (หินก้อนใหญ่) 10000

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