This is another “Cinderella style” story. However, there are some interesting differences compared to similar s. Instead of a helpful , she is assisted by the Gods of the twelve months of the year. And the story doesn’t end with her marrying a handsome prince and living an easy life in a palace. She falls in love with a kind man and the two of them have a happy and peaceful life together taking care of her family farm. As nice as it seems, this is not what most people would call a “” ending!
Pre-Intermediate Vocabulary Help / Exercises
General Comments on the Story
Because of the spread of the Slavic people in ancient times, you will also find this story in collections of Greek and Russian folktales. Our source was a book called The Key of Gold: 23 Czech Folktales by Josef Baudis, first published in 1922. The only free online source appears to be here. An version is available from LibriVox here. The book comes with a warning: “Not your common fairy tales. This is not a book for children, but one for adults who love fairy tales, and enjoy making fun of them.”
(adj: Slavic) Of the people of eastern Europe and Asian Russia who speak a Slavonic language. (เกี่ยวกับชาวสลาฟ) 12000
(n: folktale pl folktales) A story that is part of the traditions of a group of people and was handed down in spoken form before books and printing. (นิทานชาวบ้าน) 9000
(adj: folk) Of or relating to the traditions of the common people of a country or region. (เกี่ยวกับขนบประเพณีของชาวบ้าน) 2000
(n: tale pl tales) A story about real or imaginary events; an exciting or dramatic story that may not be completely true. (นิทาน) 3000
(n: version pl versions) 1. A story or description that is different in some way from another person's story or description. The boy gave his version of what had happened. (เรื่องราว) 2. A form of something (such as a product) that is different in some way from other forms. A new version of the software should be available soon. (รุ่น) 2000
(n: fairy pl fairies) An imaginary creature having magical powers. (นางฟ้า) 4000
In early literature, fairies could change themselves into any form. Thanks to Walt Disney, most people today think that they all look like the picture on the left.
(n: fairytale pl fairytales) A children's story that has people or creatures in it with magical powers. 14000
(n: fairy pl fairies) An imaginary creature having magical powers. 4000
(n: tale pl tales) A story about real or imaginary events; an exciting or dramatic story that may not be completely true.
(n: apron pl aprons) A piece of cloth worn over the front of the body over clothes to keep them from getting dirty. 5000
(n: bunch pl bunches) A group of things of the same kind that are held or tied together or that grow together. A bunch of bananas; a bunch of flowers; a bunch of grapes; a bunch of keys. 3000
(n: club pl clubs) 1. A heavy wooden stick used as a weapon. 2. A group of people who meet to participate in an activity or a place where such people meet. 1000
(v: dare, dares, dared, daring) To not be too afraid or shy to do something. (2000)
I dare you to. Used to ask someone to do something you think they may be afraid to do.
Don't you dare! Used to forcefully tell someone not to do something.
How dare you! Used to show someone that you are angry about what they have done or said.
(adj: delicious) Having a very nice taste or smell. 6000
(n: doorstep pl doorsteps) A step leading to up to one of the doors that is used to enter or leave a building. 3000
(n: flame pl flames) The hot, yellow colored gas that can be seen when a fire is burning. 3000
(adj: fresh, fresher, freshest) 1. (of food) Newly made, gathered, arrived; not frozen, canned, etc. (สดใหม่) 2000
(v: gather, gathers, gathered, gathering) To bring (things or people) together into a group; to collect or get. (สะสม) 2000
(n: mustache pl mustaches; British moustache) The hair on the upper lip of a man. (หนวด) 5000
(v: punish, punishes, punished, punishing) To make (someone) suffer for a crime or for something done that is wrong. (ลงอาญา)
(n: punishment pl punishments) The act or way of making (someone) suffer for a crime or for something done that is wrong. (การลงโทษ) 3000
(v: shake, shakes, shook, shaken, shaking) To move back and forth or up and down with short, quick movements. (สั่น) 2000
(n: stepmother pl stepmothers) A woman who has married your father after the death or divorce of your mother. (แม่เลี้ยง) 10000
(n: strawberry pl strawberries) A small, soft, juicy red fruit that grows on a low plant with white flowers. (ผลสตรอเบอรี่) 5000
(n: thunder, noncount) The loud, deep rumbling sound that follows a flash of lightning during a storm. (ฟ้าร้อง)
(v: thunder, thunders, thundered, thundering) To make a very loud, deep noise. (ส่งเสียงดังคล้ายเสียงฟ้าร้อง) 3000
(n: violet pl violets) A plant that has small bluish-purple or white flowers. (ต้นไวโอเล็ต)
(adj: violet) A bluish-purple color. (สีม่วง) 5000
(n: audiobook pl audiobooks) A book that is read out loud and recorded on a CD or as a computer file so that it can be listened to.
This radio theater series ran on the CBS network from March 1934 until October 1954. The show presented hundreds of fairytales, and for lesser-known ones the story was often changed to an American setting. Quite a few changes were made to The Twelve Months in order to do this. The show always began with a characteristic jingle from its sponsor, Cream of Wheat breakfast cereal. We have left this in at the beginning of the recording for atmosphere, but have edited out the childish talk by the announcers that follows it. The quality of the recording is not great, but this is still a wonderful example of children’s entertainment in the days before TV. To download the mp3, click here.
We were delighted to find another (edited) version of the story on the music artist community website www.soundclick.com. This is a very good quality recording by the American family band VMP, who refer to it as a ‘classic Russian folktale’. Interestingly, this story was also apparently put together for CBC, but this time in January 2010 for a Music Of Russia Anniversary Celebration. Something I particularly like are two short short original musical passages which the band say were designed to capture the ‘experimental spirit of the pre-Stalin art set’. To download the mp3, click here.