Farewell to a Ghost

farewell to a ghostAlthough one of the main characters is a ghost, this is not a horror story. Indian writer Manoj Das shows how common s once played an important part in traditional village culture. He also shows how these s, which helped communities together, are being lost to modern ideas.

English Learner Vocabulary Help

The words and expressions in our Simplified English story which are not in our Intermediate level 1800 word list are: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and .

There is also a word that is in our Intermediate word list but has a meaning in the story which is different to the one most commonly used. A lot of the early action happens by the river bank. In this case the word means the higher ground along the edge of the river. In addition, there is a -word used to describe a sound that is well known to anyone who lives in Asia: tick-tick, the cry of the night lizard.

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(n: superstition pl superstitions) 1. A belief or way of behaving that is based on fear of the unknown and faith in magic or luck. (ความเชื่อในผีสางเทวดา) 2. A belief that certain events or things will bring good or bad luck, such as the old English superstition that breaking a mirror can bring 7 years of bad luck. (ความเชื่องมงาย) 7000

(n: belief pl beliefs) Something believed or accepted as true without proof. 3000

bond(n: bond pl bonds) 1. Something used for tying someone up or stopping them from moving freely. 2. Something (such as an idea, interest, experience, or feeling) that is shared between people or groups and helps form a connection between them. A bond of friendship. 3000

banyan tree(n: banyan tree pl banyan trees) An Indian tree with long branches that send roots down to the ground forming secondary trunks.

beggar(n: beggar pl beggars) A person (often homeless or disabled) who lives by asking others to give them money, food, etc. 2000

cemetery(n: cemetery pl cemeteries) A piece of ground where the bodies of dead people are buried; a graveyard. 5000

(n: ceremony pl ceremonies) A formal act that is a part of an important event. 5000

coconut(n: coconut pl coconuts) A large fruit that grows on palm trees and has a thick shell with a white solid lining and clear liquid (called coconut milk) inside. 5000

curse(v: curse, curses, cursed, cursing) 1. To wish or say magic words so that trouble or bad luck may fall upon someone or something. 2. To use bad or violent language; to swear.
(n: curse pl curses) Something or someone believed to bring trouble or bad luck. 4000

dare(v: dare, dares, dared, daring) To not be too afraid or shy to do something. (2000)
I dare you to. Used to ask someone to do something you think they may be afraid to do.
Don't you dare! Used to forcefully tell someone not to do something.
How dare you! Used to show someone that you are angry about what they have done or said.

faint(v: faint, faints, fainted, fainting) To feel weak or tired and suddenly fall down and become unconscious.
(adj: faint, fainter, faintest) 1. Feeling weak or tired, as if you are going to fall down. 2. Not clearly seen, heard, tasted, felt, etc. 3000

(n: fairytale pl fairytales) A children's story that has people or creatures in it with magical powers. 14000
(n: fairy pl fairies) An imaginary creature having magical powers. 4000
(n: tale pl tales) A story about real or imaginary events; an exciting or dramatic story that may not be completely true.

fascinated(v: fascinate, fascinates, fascinated, fascinating) To cause someone to be very interested in something or someone. His strange behavior fascinated the children. 3000

feast(n:feast pl feasts) A meal with large amounts of food and drink, usually eaten to celebrate a special occasion. A religious/wedding feat.
(v: feast, feasts, feasted, feasting) To eat large amounts of food. We feasted on steak and potatoes. 4000

flame(n: flame pl flames) The hot, yellow colored gas that can be seen when a fire is burning. 3000

forehead(n: forehead pl foreheads) The part of the face above the eyes and below the hairline; also called the 'brow'. 6000

invisible(adj: invisible) Not able to be seen; impossible to see. 3000

kabaddi(n: kabaddi, singular) A traditional sport from India, played between two teams of seven players in which individuals take turns to chase and try to touch members of the opposing team without being captured by them.

lightning(n: lightning, noncount) The flashes of light that you can see in the sky during a storm, usually followed by thunder (a deep rumbling sound). 6000

lizard(n: lizard pl lizards) A type of reptile that has four legs and a long body and tail. 8000

nap(n: nap pl naps) A short period of sleep, especially during the day. 9000

(n: palm pl palms) 1. The inside part of the hand between the wrist and the fingers. 2. A kind of tree which grows in hot countries and has a straight, tall trunk and many large leaves at the top. 3000

palm of hand palm tree

poison(n: poison pl poisons) A substance that can cause people or animals to die or to become very sick if it gets into their bodies. 3000

punish(v: punish, punishes, punished, punishing) To make someone suffer for a crime or for something done that is wrong.
(n: punishment pl punishments) The act or way of making someone suffer for a crime or for something done that is wrong. 3000

skull(n: skull pl skulls) The bones that form the head and face of a person or animal and protect the brain. (กะโหลก) 5000

(idiom: so-and-so) An unnamed person, used when their name is unknown or not important.

sob(v: sob, sobs, sobbed, sobbing) 1. To cry noisily while taking in short, sudden breaths. (สะอื้นสะอื้น) 2. To say something while doing this. (ส่งเสียงร่ำไห้) 7000

sprinkle(v: sprinkle, sprinkles, sprinkled, sprinkling) To drop or spread small drops or amounts of something over something. (โปรย) 5000

(n: such-and-such) [idiom] An unnamed thing, used when its name is unknown or not important. (สิ่งที่ถูกลืม; สิ่งที่ไม่ควรพูดถึง)

sweat(n: sweat, noncount) The clear liquid given out through the skin when hot, scared or nervous. (เหงื่อ)
(v: sweats, sweated, sweating) To give out sweat through the skin. (ทำให้เหงื่อออก) 3000

witch(n: witch pl witches) 1. A woman who is thought to have magic powers. (แม่มด) 2. [informal] A very unpleasant woman. His mother-in-law is a bitter old witch. 4000
(n: witchcraft) Magic practised by a witch etc. (การใช้เวทมนตร์คาถา) 12000
(n: witch-doctor) A person who is believed in some cultures to be able to communicate with spirit worlds and use magic spells to cure people who are sick, to tell or control future, etc. (หมอผี)

yawn(v: yawn, yawns, yawned, yawning) To open your mouth wide while taking in breath, usually because you are tired or bored. (หาว) 5000

(n: bank pl banks) 1. A business where people keep their money, borrow money, etc., or the building where such a business operates. 2. The higher ground that is along the edge of a river, stream, etc. 1000

money bank river bank

(prefix: non) Not 1000

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