This story by science-fiction writer Kurt Vonnegut is one of several that he wrote about future worlds in which people’s lives are controlled and everyone is made equal. In this one the strong must carry heavy weights, the beautiful must wear masks, and the clever must wear radio earphones through which sharp sounds are played to stop them thinking too clearly. As is usual in such worlds, at least some of those in government aren’t forced to be equal… in this case the Handicapper General and her “H-G” men.
English Learner Vocabulary Help
(v: announce, announces, announced, announcing) To officially tell people about something. The government announced that they will cut taxes.
(n: announcement pl announcements) A written or spoken statement that tells people about something. Many people were surprised by the government's announcement about the tax cuts. 2000
(n: ballerina pl ballerinas) A woman or girl who is a ballet dancer. 10000
(n: ballet pl ballets) A kind of dancing that is performed on a stage with no talking or singing, and uses only dance, music, costumes, and scenery to tell a story. 5000
(n: ceiling pl ceilings) The inside surface at the top of a room. 3000
(n: constitution pl constitutions) The general laws of a country that set down the rights of the people and how the government works. 5000
(v: crash, crashes, crashed, crashing) 1. To damage something (such as a car) by causing it to hit something. She crashed the car into a tree, but no one was hurt. 2. To make a loud noise by falling, hitting something, etc. The glass crashed to the floor. 3000
(n: earthquake pl earthquakes) A shaking of a part of the earth's surface that often causes great damage. 5000
(adj: equal) Not changing; the same for each person. People in our country are equal before God and the law. 1000
(v: explode, explodes, exploded, exploding) 1. To suddenly break apart with a loud noise, sending parts flying outward. 2. To move with sudden speed and force. The race horses exploded out of the starting gate.
(n: explosion pl explosions) The act of exploding. 3000
(n: gentleman pl gentlemen) 1. A polite word for a man. Two gentlemen arrived this morning. (สุภาพบุรุษ) 2. A man who treats other people in a proper and polite way. He is a true gentleman. (สุภาพบุรุษ) 2000
Used especially when speaking formally to a group of people. Good evening, ladies and gentlemen.
(n: handicap pl handicaps) 1. A physical or mental condition that may limit what a person can do; something that makes doing something more difficult. The loss of a finger would be a handicap for a pianist. (ความไม่สมประกอบ). 2. (in a race, competition etc) A disadvantage of some sort given to the best competitors so that others have a better chance of winning. (การเสียเปรียบ) 3000
(n: headache pl headaches) An ache or pain in the head. All this noise is starting to give me a headache. (ปวดหัว) 3000
(n: headphones, plural) A device that is worn over your ears and used for listening to music, the radio, etc., without having other people hear it. (หูฟัง) 6000
(n: lady pl ladies) 1. A polite word for a woman. A gentleman should always open the door for a lady. (คุณผู้หญิง) 2. A woman who behaves in a proper and polite way. Her mother was always telling her to act like a lady. (สุภาพบุรุษ) 3. In the U.K., the title of a woman of noble rank. (ท่านผู้หญิง) 4. Used especially when speaking formally to a group of people. Good evening, ladies and gentlemen. 1000
(n: mask pl masks) A covering worn on the face to change or hide what you look like. (หน้ากาก) 3000
(adj: mental) Of or relating to the mind. She was worried about her son's mental development. (เกี่ยวกับจิตใจ) 2000
(n: pain pl pains) The physical feeling caused by sickness, injury, or mental or emotional hurt. He felt a sharp pain in his back. It caused him pain to talk about his wife's death. (ความเจ็บปวด)
(adj: painful; painless) Causing pain. A painful injury. (ซึ่งก่อให้เกิดความเจ็บปวด) Without pain. Painless childbirth. (ซึ่งไม่เจ็บปวด) 2000
(v: scream, screams, screamed, screaming) 1. To suddenly cry out in a loud and high voice because of fear, pain, surprise, etc. 2. To say something in a loud and high voice because you are angry, afraid, etc. (กรีดร้อง) 3000
(n: screen pl screens) 1. A large, flat, white surface on which images or movies are shown. (ฉากหรือจอ) 2. The usually flat part of a television or computer that you look at when you are using it. (จอแสดงผล) 2000
(v: shake, shakes, shook, shaken, shaking) To move back and forth or up and down with short, quick movements. (สั่น) 2000
(n: signal pl signals) 1. Something (such as a sound, a movement of part of the body, or an object) that gives information about something or that tells someone to do something. They communicated with each other by using hand signals. (สัญญาณ) 2. A message, sound, or image that is carried by waves of light or sound. The phone signal is not very strong here. (ส่งสัญญาณ) 2000
(n: studio pl studios) 1. A place in which movies or TV programs are made, or a company that makes them. (โรงถ่ายภาพยนตร์) 2. A room where an artist works or people go to learn, practice, or study an art such as singing, dancing, or acting. (ห้องทำงานของจิตรกรหรือช่างภาพ) 4000