The Looking-Glass

the looking glassThis story by Anton Chekhov is about a young woman who dreams day and night about getting married. One night she imagines settling down happily with the perfect man. However, the dream soon turns into a nightmare as she sees the reality of living and raising a family in rural Russia in the late 1800s.

Pre-Intermediate Vocabulary Help / Exercises

The words and expressions in our Pre-Intermediate level Simplified English story which are not in our 1200 word list are: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and .

Intermediate Vocabulary Help / Exercises

The words and expressions in our Intermediate level Simplified English story which are not in our 1800 word list are: background, beg, candle, carriage, despair, , , fever, , , looking-glass, mercy, overcoat, , pity, , soul, and .


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background(n: background pl backgrounds) 1. A surface, color or part of a scene that is behind or around a main figure or object. 2. The events and conditions that help to explain why something happens. 2000
The expression 'in the background' describes something that is heard or seen while something else is being listened to or watched.

beg(v: beg, begs, begged, begging) To ask (someone) in a very serious and emotional way to give you something such as food, money, etc., or to do something that you need or want very much. 2000
(n: beggar pl beggars) A person who begs, often for a way of making a living.

breath(n: breath pl breaths) The air that you take into your lungs and send out from your lungs. His breath smells like garlic. It was so cold I could see my breath. 3000
(phrasal verb: hold your breath) To stop breathing for a short time, such as when you dive into water or are scared about something.
(phrasal verb: take a deep breath) To take a lot of air into your lungs.

breathe(v: breathe, breathes, breathed, breathing) To move air into and out of your lungs; to inhale and exhale. He was breathing hard from running.
(phrasal verb: breathe deeply) To take a lot of air into your lungs. 3000

bury(v: bury, buries, buried, burying) To place in the earth and cover with soil. (ฝัง) 3000

candle(n: candle pl candles) Wax that has been formed into a stick or another shape and has a string in the middle that can be burned to give light. (เทียน) 3000

carriage(n: carriage pl carriages) 1. A horse-drawn vehicle with four wheels that is used to carry people. (รถม้า) 2. [British] A separate section of a train. A railway carriage. (ตู้โดยสารรถไฟ) 4000

despair(n: despair, noncount) The feeling of no longer having any hope. (สิ้นหวัง) 4000

fear(n: fear plural fears) A feeling of being scared or frightened; a worried feeling caused by being aware of danger or something unpleasant. (ความกลัว) 2000

fever(n: fever pl fevers) [An illness causing] a higher than normal body temperature. (การเป็นไข้) 5000

(n: hall pl halls) 1. A room or passage at the entrance to a house. (ทางเข้าประตู) 2. A long, narrow passage inside a building with doors that lead to rooms on each side; also called a hallway or corridor (ทางเดินยาวนตึก) 1000

entrance hall hallway

horror(n: horror pl horrors) 1. A very strong feeling of fear or dislike. (ความหวาดกลัว) 2. A disagreeable person or thing. Her little boy is an absolute horror. (คน หรือสิ่งที่คอยขัดแย้ง) 3000
(adj:ˈhorrible) 1. Causing horror; frightening; dreadful. A horrible sight. (น่าเกลียดน่ากลัว) 2. Very bad or unpleasant. What a horrible day! (ไม่น่ายินดี) 2000
(v: horrify, horrifies, horrified, horrifying) To cause (someone) to feel horror or shock; to greatly upset and shock (someone). (ทำให้ น่ากลัว) 4000

knock(v: knock, knocks, knocked, knocking) To make a loud, sharp noise by hitting or tapping something (especially a door to get someone to open it). (เคาะ) 1000

(n: looking-glass pl looking-glasses) An old-fashioned name for a mirror. (กระจกเงา)

mercy(n: mercy pl mercies) 1. Kindness or help given to people who are in a very bad or desperate situation. 2. Kind or forgiving treatment towards a person who is in one's power and should be treated severely. (ความเมตตา) 5000

narrow(adj: narrow, narrower, narrowest) Long and not wide; small from one side to the other side. The bridge is too narrow for large vehicles to cross. (แคบ) 2000

overcoat(n: overcoat pl overcoats) A long coat worn over other clothes to keep a person warm during very cold weather. (เสื้อคลุมใหญ่) 7000

pity(n: pity, noncount) A strong feeling of sadness about the troubles or pain of someone or something. She has had a hard life and deserves your pity. (ความสงสาร)
(v: pity, pities, pitied, pitying) To feel very sorry for someone or something. I pity anyone who has to work at that place. (สงสาร) 3000

shake(v: shake, shakes, shook, shaken, shaking) To move back and forth or up and down with short, quick movements. (สั่น) 2000

soul(n: soul pl souls) The spirit; the non-physical part of a person that is believed to give life to the body and in many religions is believed to live forever. (วิญญาณ) 3000

temperature(n: temperature pl temperatures) A measurement that indicates how hot or cold something is; a measurement in degrees showing the heat of something (such as air or water). (อุณหภูมิ) 2000
(v: take someone's temperature) [idiom] To measure the person's body heat, using a thermometer. (วัดอุณหภูมิ)

(n: Eve pl Eves) The day or evening before a special holiday or festival, such as Christmas Eve, New Year's Eve, etc. (วันก่อนวันหยุด) 3000

exhaust(v: exhaust, exhausts, exhausted, exhausting) 1. To make very tired or wear out (someone) completely. She was exhausted by her long walk. (ทำให้หมดแรง) 2. To use all of; to use completely. We have exhausted our supplies. (ใช้หมด) 3000
(adj: exhausted) Very tired or completely worn out. (เหน็ดเหนื่อย)
(n: exhaustion; noncount) A state of extreme tiredness or fatigue. (ความเหนื่อย) 8000

gaze(v: gaze, gazes, gazed, gazing) To look at someone or something in a steady way and usually for a long time. He gazed out the window at the snow. She gazed lovingly into his eyes. (เพ่ง) 4000
To 'gaze' suggests looking steadily at someone or something while being deep in thought. A word with a similar meaning, 'stare' can suggest looking at someone or something in a rude way because you think they are strange or shocking. Don't stare at people, it's not polite.

hero(n: hero pl heroes) A person admired for great or brave acts or fine qualities. (วีรชน)
(adj: heroic) Used to describe someone who acts like a hero or the kind of brave things that heroes do. (กล้าหาญ) 3000
'Hero' can refer to either a man or a woman, but it is often used to refer specifically to a man. The word for a woman who is brave and admired is 'heroine'.

pale(adj: pale, paler, palest) Having a skin color that is closer to white than is usual or normal, either because it is your natural color or you are sick or scared at the time. (ซีด) 3000

reflect(v: reflect, reflects, reflected, reflecting) 1. To show the image of (something) in a mirror or on a shiny surface. (สะท้อนให้เห็น) 2. To show (something); to make (something) known. (ส่อให้เห็น)
(n: reflection pl reflections) 1. An image that is seen in a mirror or on a shiny surface. He saw the reflections of the clouds on the lake. 2. Something that shows the effect, existence, or character of something else. The high crime rate is a reflection of the violence of our society. (การสะท้อนกลับ)2000

tense(adj: tense, tenser, tensest) Nervous and not able to relax. (ตึงเครียด)
(n: tense pl tenses) In English grammar, a form of a verb that shows the time of its action in relation to the time of speaking. (กาล) 3000

thermometer(n: thermometer pl thermometers) An instrument (usually a thin, glass tube with mercury in it) used for measuring temperature, especially body temperature. The nurse took his temperature with a thermometer. (เครื่องวัดอุณหภูมิ) 9000

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