J.W. Linn taught English at the University of Chicago. He wrote a well-known of his famous aunt Jane Addams, but very little fiction. In this story, a rich man who helps people by giving a lot of money to charity learns an important lesson about the real joy of giving when he becomes part of a poor family’s Christmas.
Intermediate Vocabulary Help
General Comments on the Story
Our story came from “The Children’s Book of Christmas Stories”, published in 1913. The introduction says that the book aims at providing a collection of well-known children’s Christmas stories. It certainly does this, and can be downloaded in various forms from Project Gutenberg here. An is available from Librivox here.
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(n: biography pl biographies) The story of a real person's life written by someone other than that person. (ประวัติชีวิต) 6000
(n: biographer pl biographers) A person who writes someone's biography. (ผู้เขียนชีวประวัติของผู้อื่น) 10000
(n: autobiography pl autobiographies) The story of a person's life written by himself. (อัตชีวประวัติ) 6000
(n: air-gun pl air-guns) A gun that uses air pressure to shoot small pieces of metal. (ปืนลม)
(n: avenue pl avenues) A wide street, often with trees or tall buildings along either side. (ถนนใหญ่ มักมีต้นไม้สองข้างทาง) 3000
The picture to the left shows Fifth Avenue in New York.
(n: bark pl barks) 1. The outer covering of a tree. (เปลือกไม้) 2. The loud sound made by a dog when it is angry or excited. (เสียงเห่าของสุนัข)
(v: bark, barks, barked, barking) 1. To make a loud sound like that made by a dog when it is angry or excited. The dog barked at the stranger. (เห่า) 2. To shout or say (something) in a loud and angry way. The captain barked orders to his men. (ตะคอก) 5000
(v: beg, begs, begged, begging) To ask (someone) in a very serious and emotional way to give you something such as food, money, etc., or to do something that you need or want very much. (ร้องขอ) 2000
(n: beggar pl beggars) A person who begs, often for a way of making a living.
(expression: I beg your pardon.) Excuse me. 1. Please repeat what you just said. 2. I'm sorry for what I just did. 3. Can I please interrupt what you are doing? 4 (if followed by 'but...') I do not agree with what you just said.
(n: charity pl charities) 1. An organization set up to collect money for poor or sick people, medical research etc. (มูลนิธิการกุศล) 2. Kindness, especially in giving money or other things to people who are poor, sick, etc. (ความเอื้อเฟื้อเผื่อแผ่) 2000
(adj: cheerful) 1. Feeling or showing happiness. 2. Causing good feelings or happiness. (ที่ทำให้รู้สึกสดชื่น) 4000
(n: collar pl collars) 1. The part of a piece of clothing at the neck, especially of a shirt, jacket etc. (คอเสื้อ) 2. A band of leather, plastic, etc., worn around an animal's neck. (ปลอกคอ) 3000
(n: companion pl companions) A person or animal you spend time with or enjoy being with. (เพื่อน) 5000
(adj: confident) To be certain or very sure about something. (ที่มั่นใจ) 2000
To be a confident person is to be self-assured (sure about your own abilities) and not shy. To be a confident communicator is to be able to speak or write freely, without feeling shy or nervous about making mistakes.
(v: confuse, confuses, confused, confusing) To make someone uncertain or unable to understand something. (ทำให้สับสน) 2000
(n: confusion pl confusions) The feeling that you have when you do not understand what is happening, what is expected, etc.
(v: embarrass, embarrasses, embarrassed, embarrassing) To make (a person, group, government, etc.) feel foolish, self-conscious or ashamed about something. (ทำให้รู้สึกอาย) 2000
(adj: grateful) Feeling that you want to thank someone because they have given you something or done something for you. (ที่ รู้สึกขอบคุณ) 2000
(v: hum, hums, hummed, humming) 1. (v) To make a musical sound with your lips closed. (ฮัมเพลงโดยไม่เปิดปาก) 2. To make a low continuous sound. (ทำเสียงคล้ายฮัมเพลง) 4000
(adj: merry, merrier, merriest) Very happy and cheerful; feeling or showing joy and happiness. (ร่าเริง) 3000
(adj: miserable) 1. Feeling very unhappy, sick or unwell. (ทุกข์ยาก) 2. Very poor in quantity or quality. (น่าเวทนา) 3000
(n: misery pl miseries) [something that causes] Great suffering or unhappiness; a very unhappy or painful time or experience. The war brought misery to thousands of refugees. The last years of her life were a misery. (ความทุกข์; ความทุกข์ยาก) 3000
(n: overcoat pl overcoats) A long coat worn over other clothes to keep a person warm during very cold weather. (เสื้อคลุมใหญ่) 7000
(n: pause pl pauses) A short period of time in which something stops or is stopped before starting again. (การหยุดชั่วขณะ) 3000
(n: philanthropist pl philanthropists) A rich person who gives money and time to help make life better for other people, (คนใจบุญ) 10000
(n: pup pl pups) A young dog, especially one less than a year old (also called a puppy); a young animal of certain other species (such as seals). (ลูกหมา) 5000
(v: rush rushes, rushed, rushing) To move or do something very quickly or in a way that shows you are in a hurry. (รีบเร่ง) 2000
(n: scratch pl scratches) A shallow and narrow cut in the skin or a surface caused by something sharp. (รอยขีดข่วน)
(v: scratch, scratches, scratched, scratching) 1. To make a line in a surface or object by rubbing or cutting it with a sharp point. (ข่วน; ขีด) 2. To rub your skin with something sharp to stop an itch. (เกา) 3000
(v: sew, sewed, sewn, sewing) To make or repair something (such as a piece of clothing) by using a needle and thread. (เย็บโดยใช้เข็ม)
(n: sewing, noncount) 1. The act or process of sewing. I learned sewing at school. (การเย็บ) 2. Things that are used for sewing or that are being sewn. She took her sewing into the kitchen. (งานที่ต้องเย็บ) 3000
(n: sidewalk pl sidewalks) Used in the U.S. and Canada to describe a path along the side of a street for people to walk on. Usually called pavement in the U.K. and footpath in Australia. (ทางเท้า) 5000
(v: slaps, slapped, slapping) To hit (someone or something) with an open hand or anything flat. (ตบ) 3000
(n: slum pl slums) An area of a city where poor people live and the buildings are in bad condition. (แหล่งเสื่อมโทรม) 5000
(v: sniff, sniffs, sniffed, sniffing) To smell (something or someone) by putting your nose close to it and taking air in through your nose in short breaths. (สูดกลิ่น) 3000
(v: steal, steals, stole, stolen, stealing) To take (something) from the owner in a way that is wrong or against the law. (ขโมย) 3000
(n: tune pl tunes) A series of musical notes that produce a pleasing sound when played, sung, whistled, etc. (ทำนอง) 2000
(n: whisper pl whispers) A very quiet sound, especially something said. (การกระซิบ; การส่งเสียงเบา ๆ)
(v: whisper, whispers, whispered, whispering) To speak or say something very softly. (กระซิบ) 5000
(n: woof pl woofs) The deep sound made by a dog. (โฮ่ง)
(n: e-book pl e-books) A book whose contents are in an electronic format so that it can be downloaded and read.
(n: audiobook pl audiobooks) A book that is read out loud and recorded on a CD or as a computer file so that it can be listened to. (หนังสือเสียง)