Idyll

idyllThis little known story from Guy de Maupassant is about a man and woman who meet and become friends during a long train journey. The woman is a wet-nurse and has not had a baby to her breast in the last two days. Because of this she is in great pain. The man offers to help her, and in doing this solves a problem of his own.

Pre-Intermediate Vocabulary Help / Exercises

The words and expressions in our Pre-Intermediate level Simplified English story which are not in our 1200 word list are: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and .

There is also a word that is in our Pre-Intermediate word list but has a meaning in the story which is different to the one most commonly used. Towards the end of the story the woman cries out: I can’t stand it any more!. The woman is talking about her pain, and the word stand here has nothing to do with being on your feet. If you can’t , it means that you strongly dislike it or can’t put up with it any more.

Intermediate Vocabulary Help / Exercises

The words and expressions in our Intermediate level Simplified English story which are not in our 1800 word list are: , carriage, , , embarrass, , faint, , , , nipple, suck, sweat, track, , wet-nurse, and whistle. Note also the use of the word to refer to both part of the face and the entrance to a tunnel.

General Comments on the Story

I imagine that this story would have been considered quite shocking at the time it was written, which is probably why it is not included in any of the Maupassant short story collections available in the .

An is a piece of writing that describes peaceful country life. The extensive descriptions of the setting throughout the story are therefore important. They provide a contrast to the far from peaceful journey being experienced by the two travelers. The woman is in great pain because her breasts are too full of milk; the young man has no money and has not eaten for two days.

The story raises the question of why in some cultures women’s breasts are regarded as so erotic that they must always be covered, whereas in others they are left bare and not given a second thought. At the beginning of the story there is a suggestion that the young man is shocked and perhaps even aroused as the woman unbuttons her dress and he sees a flash of white undergarment and a little of her skin. As the story progresses her breasts are reduced to their purely functional forms as human fountains and living gourds.

One must wonder whether Maupassant’s surprise ending was intended to leave another question in reader’s minds. A man drinking a woman’s milk would generally be considered . Is there a suggestion that the young man might have let the woman suffer if he had not been so hungry? Could Maupassant be asking readers to think about whether they would help someone in similar circumstances?


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boil(v: boil, boils, boiled, boiling) 1. To heat a liquid (or a container with liquid in it) so that bubbles are formed and rise to the top. I'm boiling water to make coffee. 2. To cook by boiling. I've boiled some eggs.
(adj: boiled) Used to refer to things that have been cooked by boiling. boiled eggs 2000

breast(n: breast pl breasts) Either one of the two soft parts on a woman's chest that produce milk when she has a baby. 3000

breathe(v: breathe, breathes, breathed, breathing) To move air into and out of your lungs; to inhale and exhale. He was breathing hard from running.
(phrasal verb: breathe deeply) To take a lot of air into your lungs. 3000

carriage(n: carriage pl carriages) 1. A horse-drawn vehicle with four wheels that is used to carry people. (รถม้า) 2. [British] A separate section of a train. A railway carriage. (ตู้โดยสารรถไฟ) 4000

comfortable(adj: comfortable) 1. In comfort; pleasantly relaxed. He looked very comfortable in his chair. (สะดวกสบาย) 2. Producing a good physical feeling. A comfortable chair. (สะดวกสบาย) 3. Financially secure without being rich. They have a comfortable standard of living. (มั่งคั่ง) 2000

embarrass(v: embarrass, embarrasses, embarrassed, embarrassing) To make (a person, group, government, etc.) feel foolish, self-conscious or ashamed about something. (ทำให้รู้สึกอาย) 2000

faint(v: faint, faints, fainted, fainting) To feel weak or tired and suddenly fall down and become unconscious. (เป็นลม)
(adj: faint, fainter, faintest) 1. Feeling weak or tired, as if you are going to fall down. (อ่อนกำลัง) 2. Not clearly seen, heard, tasted, felt, etc. (จาง) 3000

nipple(n: nipple pl nipples) 1. Either one of the two small, round parts on a person's chest that are darker in color than the area around them. (หัว) 2. A rubber or plastic device that is attached to a bottle and that has a small opening from which a baby can suck milk; a teat. (หัวนมยาง) 6000

pair(n: pair pl pairs) 1. Two things that are the same and usually seen together, or two things that are meant to be used together. A pair of gloves/lovers/shoes/socks/twins, etc. (คู่) 2. A single thing made up of two parts which are joined. A pair of glasses/pants/scissors, etc. (ของที่เป็นคู่) 1000

pour(v: pour, pours, poured, pouring) 1. To (cause to) flow in a steady stream. She poured the milk into a bowl. Water poured down the wall. People were pouring out of the factory. (เท) 2. [only with 'it' as subject] To rain heavily. It was pouring this morning. (ฝนตกหนัก) 2000

suck(v: suck, sucks, sucked, sucking) 1. To have something in your mouth and use your tongue, lips, etc to pull on it or to get liquid, air, etc out of it. Young animals learn to suck milk from their mothers. 2. To pull something somewhere using the force of moving air, water, etc. The vacuum cleaner sucked up all the dirt from the carpet. (ดูด) 3000

sweat(n: sweat, noncount) The clear liquid given out through the skin when hot, scared or nervous. (เหงื่อ)
(v: sweats, sweated, sweating) To give out sweat through the skin. (ทำให้เหงื่อออก) 3000

animal tracksbush track(n: track pl tracks) 1. A mark left on the ground by a moving animal, person, or vehicle. (ร่องรอย) 2. A path or narrow, rough road that is made by animals, people or vehicles traveling through a field, forest, etc. (ถนน) 3. A pair of metal bars that a train, tram, or subway car rides along. (รางรถไฟ) 4. An often circular path or road that is used for racing. A race/running track. (ลู่)
(v: track, tracks, tracked, tracking) 1. To follow and try to find (someone or something) by looking for its tracks and other signs that show where it has gone. He tracked the deer for a mile. 2. To follow or watch the path of (something). The ship can track incoming missiles with radar. (ตามรอย) 2000

wet-nurse(n: wet-nurse pl wet-nurses) A woman who cares for and breast-feeds other people's babies as a job. (เป็นแม่นมเลี้ยงเด็กทารก)

police whistlinggirl whistling(n: whistle pl whistles) A device through which air or steam is forced to produce a very high and loud sound. The policeman blew his whistle. (นกหวีด)
(v: whistle, whistles, whistled, whistling) 1. To produce a very high, often musical, sound by forcing air through your lips or teeth. He whistled a happy tune. (ผิวปาก) 2. To make such a sound with a whistle or by passing quickly through the air. The bullet whistled past his head. (ทำให้เกิดเสียงหวีดหวิว) 3. (of the wind) To blow with such a sound. (พัดให้เกิดเสียงหวีดหวิว) 3000

wipe(v: wipe, wipes, wiped, wiping) To clean or dry something by using a cloth, your hand, etc. (เช็ด) 2000

cannot stand(v: stand something or someone) To be willing or able to accept (something or someone unpleasant) without complaint. (อดทน)
If you say you cannot stand something or someone, it means that you strongly dislike it or can't put up with it any more. They can't stand being apart. He couldn't stand the pain.

accent(n: accent pl accents) A way of pronouncing words that occurs among the people in a particular region or country. She spoke with an American accent. 2000

curve(n: curve pl curves) A smooth, rounded line, shape, path, etc., like part of the edge of a circle. (เส้นโค้ง) 4000

dull(adj: dull, duller, dullest) 1. Not exciting or interesting; boring. It was a very dull book. (ชืด) 2. Not shiny, bright or clear. It was a dull day. (มัวหมอง) 3. Having an edge or point that is not sharp; blunt. A dull knife. (ทื่อ) 4. Slow to learn or to understand. The clever children help the dull ones. (โง่) 3000

enormous(adj: enormous) Very great in size or amount; huge. They live in an enormous house. (ใหญ่โต; มหึมา) 2000

fountain(n: fountain pl fountains) 1. A device or structure that sends a stream of water into the air in a garden, park, etc. The crowd gathered around the fountain in the plaza. (น้ำพุธรรมชาติ) 2. The water coming from such a structure. It was so hot that he stood under the fountain to get cool. (น้ำจากน้ำพุ) 5000

kneel(v: kneel, kneels, knelt, kneeling) To move your body so that one or both of your knees are on the floor. (นั่งคุกเข่า) 5000

madame(n: madame pl mesdames) Used like 'Mrs' as a title for a married Frenchwoman. 6000

tunnel(n: tunnel pl tunnels) An underground passage, especially a man made one cut through a mountain or hill or under a river, etc. (อุโมงค์) 3000

mouth(n: mouth pl mouths) 1. The opening through which food passes into the body; the part of the face that includes the lips and the opening behind them. (ปาก) 2. An opening in something. The mouth of a cave/bottle. 3. The part of a stream or river that empties into a larger body of water. The mouth of the river. (ปากทาง) 2000

(n: public domain, singular) The state of something that is not owned by a particular person or company and is available for anyone to use. (ที่ดินของรัฐ สาธารณสมบัติ)

idyll(n: idyll pl idylls; also idyl) 1. A simple poem or other piece of writing that describes peaceful country life. 2. A happy and enjoyable scene or experience. (ชนบทพรรณนา) 14000
(adj: idyllic) 1. Of or relating to an idyll. 2. Very peaceful, happy, and enjoyable. He had an idyllic childhood. (เงียบสงบ) 11000

taboo(n: taboo pl taboos) 1. A rule against doing or saying something in a particular culture or religion. 2. Something that is not acceptable to talk about or do. Marrying a close relative is a taboo in many cultures.
(adj: taboo) Not acceptable to talk about or do. Sex is a taboo subject for many people. (ข้อห้าม; ซึ่งต้องห้าม) 5000

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